Enantioselective Synthesis of Fmoc-l-3-(2-Benzothienyl)Alanine (2-BtAla) via Diastereoselective Alkylation of a Glycine Equivalent

Satendra S. Chauhan, Suisheng Shang, Michael W. Pennington



Stereoselective alkylation of the anion derived from (2R)-2,5-dihydro-3,6-dimethoxy-2-isopropylpyrazine with 2-chloromethylbenzothiophene afforded the corresponding trans-monosubstituted product, (2S,5R)-2-((1-benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl)methyl)-3,6-dimethoxy-5-(propan-2-yl)-2,5-dihyropyrazine in 88% yield. Hydrolysis of the alkylated product using 40% TFA/H2O at 0 °C and subsequent protection of the α-amino functional group with Fmoc-OSu afforded Fmoc-l-3-(2-benzothienyl)alanine methyl ester in 88% yield. Hydrolysis of the methyl ester with aqueous LiOH gave Fmoc-l-3-(2-benzothienyl)alanine in 62% overall yield.

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