Glucagon-like Peptide 1 (7-36) Amide (Human)
- Product Code: HOR-284
- Synonyms/Product Alternate Names: His-Ala-Glu-Gly-Thr-Phe-Thr-Ser-Asp-Val-Ser-Ser-Tyr-Leu-Glu-Gly-Gln-Ala-Ala-Lys-Glu-Phe-Ile-Ala-Trp-Leu-Val-Lys-Gly-Arg-NH2, GLP1, GLP-1, Glucagon-Like Peptide 1, Incretin hormone, Human Glucagon-Like Peptide 1.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) is derived from the transcription product of the proglucagon gene. The major source of GLP-1 in the body is the intestinal L cell that secretes GLP-1 as a guthormone. The biologically active forms of GLP-1 are: GLP-1-(7-37) and GLP-1-(7-36)NH2.
GLP-1 secretion by L cells is dependent on the presence of nutrients in the lumen of the small intestine. The secretagogues (agents that causes or stimulates secretion) of this hormone include major nutrients like carbohydrate, proteinand lipid. Once in the circulation, GLP-1 has a half life of less than 2 minutes, due to rapid degradation by the enzyme dipeptidyl peptidase-4.
GLP-1 possesses several physiological properties that make it a subject of intensive investigation as a potential treatment of diabetes mellitus. The known physiological functions of GLP-1 include: Increases insulin secretion from the pancreas in a glucose-dependent manner, decreases glucagon secretion from the pancreas, increases beta cells mass and insulin gene expression, inhibits acid secretion and gastric emptying in the stomach, decreases food intake by increasing satiety.
Glucagon Like Peptide-1 is a single, glycosylated, polypeptide chain containing 30 amino acids and having a molecular mass of 3297.7 Dalton.
It is recommended to reconstitute the lyophilized Glucagon Like Peptide-1 in sterile 20mM AcOH at 1mg/ml, which can then be further diluted to other aqueous solutions.
- Origin: Escherichia Coli.
- Storage Conditions: -20 °C
- Purity: Greater than 96.0% as determined by RP-HPLC.
C.Y. Hsu et al., British journal of pharmacology, 172.1 (2015): 38-49.